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[Acts:4:32-37]; [Acts:5:1-16].

Lesson No.: 
Memory Verse: 

“The getting of treasures by a lying tongue is a vanity tossed to and fro of them that seek death”  (Proverbs 21:6).

Cross References: 

I The Early Church
1. The multitude of believers were of one heart and of one soul, [Acts:4:32]; [Romans:15:5];[Romans:15:6]; [Philippians:1:27]; [Philippians:2:2]; [1 Peter:3:8].

2. With great power they gave witness of Christ’s resurrection, [Acts:4:33]; [Acts:1:8], [Acts:1:22].

3. Houses and lands were sold and a distribution was made, [Acts:4:34-37]; [Acts:2:45].

II The Hypocrisy of Ananias and Sapphira
1. Ananias and Sapphira sold a possession and kept back part of the price, [Acts:5:1-2].

2. Peter rebuked Ananias and God sent judgment upon him, [Acts:5:3-6]; [Numbers:30:2].

3. Sapphira also lied and received the same judgment, [Acts:5:7-11].

4. The signs that follow believers were present, showing God’s approval of the Church, [Acts:5:12-16]; [Mark:16:17-18].


The three and a half years of the ministry of Jesus, followed by His death and resurrection, together with the outpouring of the Holy Spirit on the Day of Pentecost, had made a marvellous change in the hearts and lives of the disciples. They realized that they were no longer their own, for they had been bought with a price – the precious Blood of Jesus. They had been called from different walks of life to discipleship with the lowly Nazarene. They had heard Him speak of the coming Kingdom and had had different reactions and aspirations concerning the setting up and the administration of that Kingdom. They had seen Him heal the sick, comfort the sorrowing, feed the multitudes, raise the dead, and denounce the evildoers. They had heard Him cry out against the hypocrites of their day and commend the widow who gave her all. They had been with their Master at that Last Supper and had seen Him betrayed into the hands of His enemies, when before they had seen Him delivered from the hands of those who had sought to kill Him. They had heard their Lord pray for them that they might be sanctified, that they might have that unity which is made possible only through the Blood of sanctification. And they had been sanctified.

Probably never has such unity prevailed in the Church as existed at that time. They were all of one heart and of one soul. Every taint of selfish gain and greed had been banished from their lives. They were members of a truly “glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; . . . holy and without blemish” [Ephesians:5:27]). They were members of, and show us a picture of, the mystical body of believers that is known as the Bride of Christ, the Church of the Firstborn, the Full Overcomers. They were truly and entirely sanctified, had received this glorious experience prior to receiving the third wonderful experience -– the baptism of the Holy Ghost, which they received on the Day of Pentecost [Acts:2:1] cf. [Hebrews:2:11] and [John:17:21], [John:17:23]).

The resurrection of Christ and the resurrection hope of the Church was the theme of their testimony and of their preaching. It was this preaching of the resurrection that stirred the combined forces of hell and caused all the disciples of Satan to assert themselves against the Apostles and disciples. But they had found a new hope in God, the hope of the resurrection, and this hope was made a living hope because Christ was risen from the dead. “If Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins,” Paul the Apostle argued at a later date, thereby presenting to us the firm statement and stand as taken by the Apostles from the beginning.

Hearing the threatenings and realizing the persecutions that awaited them from the allied forces of evil, because of the disciples’ preaching of this vital hope and life-giving doctrine of the Church, the disciples began to pray the more earnestly that God would give them boldness to preach the Word, and that signs and wonders would be done through the name of Jesus.

Joy and gladness filled their hearts; and such fervent love for the Lord and for one another was in their beings that it caused their already sanctified hearts to be all the more united as one. A philosopher was once asked the question: “What is a friend?” He answered: “One soul dwelling in two bodies.” The Scripture tells us that “the multitude of them that believed were of one heart and of one soul.” They were bound together in a bond of Christian love and communion that the sanctified know -– and that the world can never know.

They did not call their possessions their own, and there was none among them that lacked anything. They had all things in common. Those who had houses and lands sold them and brought the price to the Apostles for distribution to be made according to the needs of each one.

We are told that Joses, who was named Barnabas by the Apostles, had land and that he sold it and brought the money and laid it at the Apostles’ feet. We are not told that the Lord required that of him, but he put everything he had wholeheartedly into the Lord’s hands. We do not know how much the land was worth. It might have been a large sum, or it could have been just a small amount. But whatever it was, it was all given for Christ’s cause and work.

Failure to Pay the Price
But we see that even from this state of grace it is possible to fall. Ananias and Sapphira, his wife, sold a possession and kept back part of the price for themselves. This is typical of many professed Christians who are withholding from the Lord that which is rightfully His. Some withhold their time; they have no time at all for the Lord’s work. These, have time for pleasure and time for business but the worship of God is often neglected by them. They will easily stay home from God’s House if it is not convenient for them to go there; or if they are a little upset physically, or if a piece of work needs to be done, they will make an excuse for not giving God the love, time, and service that belong to Him.

Others withhold their talents. Instead of using their talents for the Lord, they fully withhold them or give just such portions as they desire, paying only a part of the price.

What might be said to be the worst part of the story of Ananias and Sapphira is not that they kept back part of the price, but that they lied about what they did. They wanted the Apostles to think they were giving all; therefore, deceit and hypocrisy was their motive. Ananias and Sapphira had talked the matter over and reasoned among themselves, and no doubt had decided they had better keep part of the money as security for their old age. They might have reasoned that there could come a time when Providence would fail them, and they would need some extra money to fall back upon. But they wanted to sail on the crest of the tide of popularity and not lose any of the earthly credit that might come to them if they gave all, so they decided to keep back part of the price and yet act as if it were the whole. Ananias and Sapphira never stopped to consider that they were reckoning with God and not with men. They forgot that “God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil” [Ecclesiastes:12:14]).

Peter did not say, “Ananias you have lied to me.” He said, “Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost? . . . thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God.” When Ananias heard these words he fell down dead and was immediately carried out by some young men and buried.

About three hours later his wife came in, not knowing anything about what had happened to her husband. Peter asked her if they had sold the land for so much. Her answer was, “Yea, for so much.” Peter rebuked her and said, “How is it that ye have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord?” She immediately fell dead at the feet of Peter; and the young men who were just returning from the burial of her husband, carried her out and buried her.

In this case the judgment of God followed swiftly and suddenly. Their sin was of no small magnitude and the Lord visited it with severe punishment. Judgment may not always come as swiftly as in this and in other cases of this kind, or where any other form of sin is committed, but judgment will come, nevertheless. One may suffer in this life, to a certain degree, for his sins, but that does not mean that his judgment in the next world will be any less severe. All who are guilty of unrepented sin will be cast into hell forever.

At this time the Church was in its infancy, and for the benefit of that Church the Lord showed His displeasure at deceit, fraud, and hypocrisy. Had the guilty pair been permitted to live, others would have followed in their footsteps, thinking that the long-suffering of God would let mercy be extended to them. God knew that “because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil” [Ecclesiastes:8:11]). God made the punishment of Ananias and Sapphira an example of His justice and judgment.

Wonderful Miracles
Great fear came upon the Church and upon all the people that heard about the workings of God among His people. This exhibition of judgment answered the end for which it was sent, for deep piety gripped every heart; and if there were any other traces of hypocrisy and deception present such were immediately banished from their midst. The people felt the force and power of the Apostles’ doctrine, and, to attest to the truth of that doctrine, the Lord wrought special miracles by the hands of the Apostles.

The news of all this spread not only throughout Jerusalem, but to the surrounding cities as well. People came bringing their sick from everywhere. There were so many they could not get near Peter so some laid their sick ones on beds and couches in the street, that the shadow of Peter passing by might fall upon them. The Bible states that “they were healed every one.” Such was the faith of the simple-hearted folk, and such was the power of the early Church. It was the humility of the Apostles that made possible the manifestation of the Holy Spirit through their ministry. They did not claim to possess any power or holiness of their own that did the miracles. It was through the name of Jesus and through faith in that name that the healing was performed. Let us “earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints” [Jude:1:3]).


1. What was the spiritual condition of the Church at this time?
2. What did Joses do about some land he owned?
3. What did Ananias and Sapphira do about some possessions they had?
4. How did God look on what Ananias and Sapphira did?
5. What effect did the whole tragedy have on the Church and on the people in general?
6. What happens to us when we lie or deceive today?
7. To what extent was the Lord performing miracles by the prayers of the Apostles?
8. When they could not get near the Apostles, what did some do with their sick?